“The strength of the team is each individual. The strength of each individual is their team.”

Have you ever wondered why some teams excel while others seem to fail miserably? It is because not all teams are created equal. Team members tend to behave, contribute, and interact with others in particular ways when working as part of the team or group. Organizations should therefore create teams that are effective and well-balanced by identifying specific roles that people should adopt. Well-balanced teams are more likely to perform better than unbalanced teams. Why is that? It is because balanced teams involve people who can adopt to varied roles.

There are 8 main styles or roles that people are likely to adopt when working as part of a team. Balanced teams tend to be more effective than unbalanced teams – that is, teams that include people who adopt varied team roles are likely to perform better. Furthermore, people may have more than one preferred team role. The role they adopt will depend partly on the composition of the team.

1) Innovator

Innovators thrive on opportunities to display creativity and will be the first to propose new ways of doing things. These individuals are free thinking and imaginative, but dislike being constrained and may sometimes generate impractical ideas. Innovators prefer to leave the finer details to others.

2) Social Investigator

Social investigators are sociable and outgoing individuals with investigative tendencies. These individuals are ideally suited to investigate ideas and locate the human resources required to develop them further. Social investigators are excellent networkers and adept communicators, using these skills to convince others of the importance of a project and guide them to share their knowledge.

3) Appraisers

Appraisers tend to be highly analytical individuals, and are suited to evaluate ideas and make critical, non-biased judgement on the effectiveness of these ideas. These individuals can come across as detached, but provide a useful and critical viewpoint on projects. Appraisers are also very useful at analyzing problems and making suggestions.

4) Orchestrator

Orchestrators are excellent at directing a team, without coming across as domineering. These natural leaders are capable of guiding others towards their tasks, dealing with objections, and gaining the respect of the team. Orchestrators understand the strengths and weaknesses of their team members and assign tasks to maximize the strengths. They are also seen as consultative and supportive in team situations.

5) Initiator

Initiators are practical and efficient individuals who are excellent at taking plans and implementing them. These individuals enjoy collaboration and are capable of managing subordinates. Initiators tend to work best with clear requirements and are comfortable working with detail. These individuals prefer proven ideas and methodology and may sometimes be viewed as inflexible.

6) Finisher

Finishers are highly conscientious workers who thrive on seeing tasks through to completion.These individuals prefer to work on one task at a time, and enjoy being involved with the finer details of a project. Taking a systematic and orderly approach to completing projects, finishers like to work towards clearly defined goals with definitive starts and finishes and with little ambiguity. Finishers do not enjoy distractions and may demonstrate some signs of strain when under pressure.

7) Collaborator

Collaborators are the key to successful team projects. These individuals thrive on collaboration, and are open and helpful in team situations. Acting to calm out breaks in team situations these cooperative and caring individuals will work to reduce tension so that tasks can be completed.

8) Driver

Drivers are very goal-focused and are constantly striving to achieve their targets. These individuals are excellent at overcoming obstacles and avoiding distractions. Drivers tend to be very action-oriented and driven. They tend to shake up teams that are suffering from alack of drive, but they have the potential to cause disruption in teams that are already motivated.

“I can work as a part of a team”, this is a common sight found in many applicants’ resume. By measuring candidates’ fit to a team, recruiters will have an in-depth insight into a candidate’s potential as a good team player allowing them to create more effective and successful teams.